6 Interesting Facts about Rainbows

It’s hard to see a rainbow and not feel a little giddy inside. Some of us even pause on our track to appreciate and swoon over the beauty of the mesmerizing belt of colours.

Rainbows are naturally stunning, like Northern lights and shooting stars—they’re just magical. But regardless how much we believe that there’s a pot of gold at one end of the rainbow, there is really nothing else but a beautiful sight while it lasts. Here are some more facts that you ought to know about this candy-colored phenomenon.

1. It’s an illusion.
Same with mirage, a rainbow is formed when the light rays bend and creates an effect as if it’s visible, but cannot be approached or touched. In the formation of rainbows, light is refracted and reflected through droplets of water, separating the white light from the colors of the spectrum.

2. It can be full circles, too.
The horizon is the object that cuts the full circle shape of the rainbow in half. Without a horizon, such as when skydiving or your view from an airplane, it is possible to see the entire circumference of the rainbow.

3. It can also occur at night.
When the light produced by the moon shines through droplets of water, the result is called a moon bow. Because the moon’s light is fainter than the sun’s, the bow of colors may appear fainter as well, but advanced cameras with long exposure can catch the bow’s colors brightly.

4. Aristotle is obsessed with rainbows.
The ancient Greek scientist and philosopher Aristotle was among the first people to seriously study about why and how rainbows are formed. He even devoted a significant part of Meteorology, Book III to this topic, and stressed that rainbows are made only with three colors, which was then proven wrong by succeeding studies made after his.

5. It has no exact number of colors.
Although Aristotle insisted that rainbows are only made with three colors, the real deal is that rainbows do not have exact number of hues. Each color blends into the next color without boundary, leaving the interpretation to the person viewing it and the culture that defined it. (So, I say there are 32 colors in there, who would judge?)

6. It can occur anywhere where sunlight meets water in the air.
Rainbows can form in waterfalls, mist, fog and anywhere where light meets water droplets and the angle allows for visible formation of colorful arches. Same thing with moon bows, although our eyes see it as white instead of colored arches.

Rainbows are stunning to the sight and are great ice breaker. Wow your friends the next time you pass by a beautiful arch of rainbow with these ‘did you know’ facts.

What is Scabies?

Scabies can affect anyone in any part of the world if there is an infestation of the mite called the Sarcoptes scabiei on the skin. The mite will live and burrow in the skin, causing a maddening itchy rash.

How is Scabies Spread?
Scabies can be transmitted through direct skin-to-skin contact and through infested furniture and bedding, because the mites can survive for up to 72 hours even without a human host. It’s most likely that an entire family can be affected by scabies because of the proximity of the members, and mites themselves can live in the human host for as long as two months. They can survive in both cold and humid conditions, that is why scabies isn’t just limited to one are in the world. There is a common misconception, however, that these mites can be acquired from pets, but the Sarcoptes scabiei is a human mite, and the mites on your dogs and cats cannot survive on human skin.

What are the Symptoms of Scabies?
Even after the home is infested with the mites, the symptoms will not show up for at least three weeks. The first symptom is an intense itch, which usually intensifies at night. This is followed by scabies rash which appear mostly on the skin covered by clothing and accessories. Therefore, you will usually see the rashes on the armpits, in between the toes and fingers, belt line, buttocks, genitals, and chest. Babies also get rashes on their head, neck, and soles. If the person has a weak immune system, the rashes can appear crusted. The lesions caused by the mites will also resemble symptoms of other diseases, that is why it’s important to get a proper diagnosis to get the right treatment.

How is Scabies Treated?
The doctor will have to take samples of the skin by scraping off the eggs and mites in the lesions and inspected under a dermoscope. When the mites have been identified, the doctor will prescribe a topical cream or ointment that must be applied on the affected areas and left overnight for at least 8 hours. There are also other topical medications that the doctor might prescribe depending on the severity of the symptoms, and antihistamines might be recommended to reduce itching. If the scabies rash for example covers a large part of the body, or if the scabies rash is crusted, it may be necessary to prescribe oral ivermectin. This is taken as a single dose and can be repeated after two weeks to see improvements. Finally, the doctor will ask the person to wash the bedding, linen, and furniture which might be infested with mites. It is recommended that the linen and other washable items be soaked in hot water or dried in high heat. Dry-cleaning can also get rid of the mites, because they cannot survive without a human host for 72 hours.

The 12 Best Graphic Novels for Teens

If your teenager enjoys reading and looking at illustrations, it would be a good idea to introduce him/her to the wonders of graphic novels. There are tons of notable titles to choose from, but the 12 graphic novels below from a variety of genres offer the best experience.

1. Little Fish: A Memoir from a Different Kind of Year (2013) by Ramsey Beyer
This graphic novel reads like a compilation of journals, stories, and lists of an 18-year-old girl who goes into the city to attend college.

2. Maus: A Survivor’s Tale (1991) by Art Spiegelman
This tale of cats, pigs, and mice was inspired by the cartoonist’s father’s stories about the Holocaust. This graphic novel is notable for being the first of the genre to win a Pulitzer Prize.

3. Runaways (2003) by Brian K. Vaughan and Adrian Alphona
A collection of graphic novels wouldn’t be complete without a volume about superheroes. This series features teenagers who band together to fight an evil organization.

4. Anya’s Ghost (2011) by Vera Brosgol
Anya became friends with Emily when they both agreed to make the former popular in school. Anya, however, doesn’t know that Emily is a ghost of a girl who died years ago.

5. Baba Yaga’s Assistant (2015) by Marika McCoola and Emily Carroll
Masha, the heroine of the story, isn’t intimidated by the famous Russian witch’s reputation and is willing to undergo the tests and trials to become an assistant.

6. The Evil Garden (2011) by Edward Gorey
In this frightful tale, a family enters a beautiful garden one sunny afternoon, but soon realize it was a mistake after hearing strange sounds and discovering that they could no longer find the exit.

7. Skim (2008) by Mariko Tamaki and Jillian Tamaki
A graphic novel with a more serious theme, it’s about a Japanese student who attends an all-girls Catholic school, where a tragic suicide changed the mood students.

8. Persepolis (2000) by Marjane Satrapi
This autobiography chronicles the events of the Islamic revolution in Iran from the point of view of a child.

9. Yummy: the Last Days of a Southsude Shorty (2010) by G. Neri and Randy DuBurke
Robert “Yummy” Sandier accidentally killed a neighbor after being involved in a gang initiation and has gone into hiding since the incident.

10. I Kill Giants (2008) by Joe Kelly and J.M. Ken Niimura
It’s about a girl who’s having a difficult time adjusting to real-life problems finds solace in a make-believe world filled with giants, fairies, and other fantastic creatures.

11. Amulet (2008) by Kazu Kibuishi
When Emily found a magical amulet from her great-grandfather, her mother Karen was kidnapped by an arachnopod and taken to another world. Emily and her brother Navin decided to follow their mother.

12. Bad Island (2011) by Doug TenNapel
Reese finds himself trapped in an island after going on a trip with his family. He has to find a way to survive and escape the island using whatever resources he could find.

How to Keep Your Gaming Gear Clean

If you want your gaming platforms to work for years, you need to avoid issues that can possibly cause a system crash, overheating, damage, or interruption. Electronic gadgets are especially prone to dirt, hair, and dust because they generate static electricity that will attract all that mess you don’t clean up after a gaming session.

Gaming Computer
There are two ways to clean your computer; one, by cleaning out the unused applications and temporary files, and removing accumulated the dirt and debris.

1. First, clean out all the junk and duplicate files before deleting the programs that you no longer use.
2. Then, defragment your hard device by compacting the data to make them more accessible. Don’t do this, however, if your computer uses an SSD.
3. Finally, organize your desktop to make your tasks easier, especially if you use your computer for other purposes.
4. To clean your computer, you will need the following: compressed air, microfiber cloth, Q-tips, and isopropyl alcohol.
5. Disconnect the computer and remove any accessories attached to it before wiping the surface with the cloth.
6. Detach the filters and wipe off the dust or use the compressed air can.
7. Wipe the interior using the cloth and slightly moist Q-tips especially the parts that are hard to reach. Be careful when cleaning the sensitive components. Then, use the compressed air to clean the rest

Gaming Consoles
Cleaning your consoles is easy and you don’t have to open it to do that. If you feel like it needs a thorough cleaning, however, take it to the nearest reputable repair shop in Singapore.

1. Gather the following cleaning materials: compressed air that’s labeled computer cleaner, toothbrush, microfiber cloth, denatured alcohol or 90% isopropyl alcohol, and cotton swabs.
2. Make sure to read the manuals first before cleaning your consoles, so you will know which parts you should avoid. If you still want your warranty to be effective, do not try to open the consoles.
3. Wipe the console casing with a dry cloth and remove the stubborn dirt using the soft toothbrush. Take care not to touch any of the sensitive electronic parts.
4. Wipe the vents or use a toothbrush to take out stubborn dirt. Dampen the cloth or cotton swabs with alcohol only if there are stubborn stains, then clean up any excess moisture.
5. Use the compressed air on the ports and slots to blow out the dust.

Gaming Controllers
You will need the following items: microfiber cloth, equal parts of rubbing alcohol and water mixture, cotton swabs, and toothbrush.

1. If your controllers have batteries, remove them before cleaning.
2. Use the toothbrush to remove the debris, before using the slightly damp microfiber cloth to wipe off the dirt.
3. Make sure that no excess moisture gets into the electronic parts, so use the alcohol and water mixture sparingly and do not touch any of the electronic parts when cleaning.
4. Use the slightly misted cotton swab to clean the hard-to-reach surfaces, and finally, clean off the excess moisture.

6 Must-Try Desserts in Singapore

Comfort food typically is different for everyone, yet experts say there’s a scientific basis as to how sweets can make the brain seem happier. All the neurotransmitters aside though, who can resist a serving of sweets on any day?
Here’s a list of what Singapore has to offer in the dessert department:

1. Kueh
Like any other place, Singapore has developed many varieties of one dessert, and the Kueh is no exception. Let’s take first two kinds of Kueh on this list. First is the Ondeh-Ondeh which is made of pandan filled with palm sugar which leaves your mouth with sweet flavor in every bite. The Ang Ku Kueh on the other hand is made of glutinous rice flour stuffed with mung beans or peanuts. One thing is common for both: they’re irresistible to the sweet tooth.

2. Ice Kachang
Since Singapore is typically warm almost all year round, desserts served cold always make the hall of fame. This treat is made from shaved ice smoothened with flavored syrup and textured with various toppings. Not only is this sweet, it’s more importantly cooling to the taste.

3. Grass Jelly
Since we’re on the topic of cold, here’s another dessert sure to provide respite amidst the Singapore sun. This treat is made from a plant originating from the mint family. It is first boiled then cooled to its smooth consistency – that of a jelly. Normally served with shaved ice, it also comes great with lime.

4. Cheng Tng
Let’s lower the temperature some more with yet another cool dessert. This treat is known as a clear sweet soup containing barley, sweet potato, longans and white fungus. The ingredients are branded for their cooling effect, such as dried persimmon and winter melon, so it’s not just the ice doing its trick. It’s all of them, actually.

5. Chendol
One more dessert on the cooler side of sweets is the Chendol. This is mainly made up of shaved ice, served with palm sugar, red beans, coconut milk and pandan jelly. The name ironically means green jelly worms and not the actual dessert, but most locals would still refer to the dessert when Chendol is mentioned.

6. Apom Berkuah
Let’s go back to room temperature and be delighted by this sweet treat that’s pleasing both to the palate and to the eyes. Mainly made from pancakes, Singapore’s version of this treat is made from fermented rice flour and coconut water. Oftentimes, banana sauce accompanies this treat. It also has stylish blue swirls derived from the juice of Bunga Telang flowers.

Desserts provide the punctuation of every great meal. Some people even skip the main course altogether just to get their hands on the yummy sweets saved for after.

No matter when you take them, before or after the meal, sweets leave that same feeling of happy – something we all need on a frequent basis.

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